Improving Manufacturing Productivity [+ How to Calculate]

Manufacturing productivity is the lifeblood of a thriving industrial sector, and optimizing processes for streamlined operations has never been more crucial. As businesses face increasing competition, those that invest in maximizing productivity gain a clear advantage.

By utilizing key metrics and equations, you can measure your operational performance and identify areas for improvement. Applying practical strategies can then help to streamline workflows, reduce waste and improve overall efficiency on the shopfloor.

Discover how QAD Redzone’s cutting-edge technology and industry expertise can support your efforts to enhance factory productivity, increase profitability and maintain a competitive edge. Continue reading as we explore the fundamentals of manufacturing productivity to help set your business on the path to sustained success.

What Is Manufacturing Productivity?

At its core, manufacturing productivity is the output produced per unit of input. It measures the rate at which a business transforms raw materials and resources into finished goods sold to consumers. A higher rate of productivity indicates that a company is efficiently utilizing its resources, leading to lower costs and higher profit margins.

There’s a direct correlation between manufacturing productivity and a company’s profitability and competitiveness. By increasing productivity, businesses can:

  • Reduce production costs
  • Increase output with the same resources
  • Enhance product quality and customer satisfaction
  • Strengthen their position in the market

To accurately assess manufacturing productivity, consider the key inputs involved in the production process. They can be categorized into four main groups:

  • Physical capital: This includes the machinery, equipment and infrastructure used in production processes. Efficient utilization of physical capital can lead to higher factory productivity and lower costs.
  • Human capital: The skills, knowledge and experience of the workforce play a significant role in manufacturing productivity. Providing employees with the proper training and resources can contribute to improved efficiency and output.
  • Natural resources: Raw materials, such as metals, minerals and energy sources, are crucial inputs in the manufacturing process. Effective management and sustainable use of these resources are vital for maintaining productivity levels.
  • Technological knowledge: Adopting and integrating advanced technologies can boost manufacturing productivity by streamlining processes, minimizing waste and enhancing product quality.

Why Is Manufacturing Productivity Important?

Manufacturing productivity is crucial for businesses, directly impacting their bottom line and long-term success. Efficiently transforming input into output is vital for companies to stay ahead in an increasingly competitive market. Here, we explore the significance of manufacturing productivity and the various benefits it offers:

  • Lower production costs: Higher manufacturing productivity translates to reduced costs per unit, as businesses can produce more goods with the same or fewer resources. This cost reduction allows companies to allocate their budget to other aspects of the business, such as research and development or marketing.
  • Increased profitability: As production costs decrease, companies can experience improved profit margins. This increased profitability can be reinvested in the business to fuel growth or distributed to shareholders as dividends, boosting investor confidence.
  • Enhanced competitiveness: Productive manufacturing processes can help businesses stay ahead of the competition by enabling them to deliver high-quality products at competitive prices. Additionally, companies with higher productivity levels can respond more swiftly to market demands, demonstrating their agility and adaptability.
  • Optimal resource utilization: Efficient manufacturing processes ensure that resources such as materials, energy and labor are used to their fullest potential. This not only contributes to lower costs and higher profits but also minimizes waste and inefficiencies.
  • Environmental sustainability: By improving factory productivity, businesses can reduce their environmental footprint. Lower energy consumption, reduced waste generation and sustainable use of resources contribute to a greener, more responsible manufacturing process.
  • Higher wages: A recent study from The Hartford found that higher wages was the top motivating factor for U.S. workers leaving their jobs for another role. Increased manufacturing productivity can lead to higher wages, as companies can afford to invest more in their workforce. Moreover, better compensation can result in higher job satisfaction, improved employee retention and a more skilled and motivated workforce. 

How to Calculate Productivity in Manufacturing

Productivity is calculated by dividing the total output generated by a company by the total input employed in its production process. Various productivity measures can be used depending on the specific input or combination of inputs being assessed.

  • Output/Input ratio: The most basic measure of industrial productivity is the output/input ratio. This ratio can be calculated by dividing the total output produced by a company by the total input used in production. A higher ratio indicates a more efficient production process, with more output generated per unit of input.
Output ÷ Input = Productivity Ratio
  • Labor productivity: Labor productivity is a key measure focusing on workforce efficiency. It can be calculated by dividing the output produced by the total labor hours invested in the production process. This ratio provides insights into how effectively a company utilizes its human capital.
Value of Products & Services ÷ Man Hours = Labor Productivity
  • Capital productivity: Capital productivity measures the efficiency with which a company utilizes its physical capital, such as machinery and equipment. It can be calculated by dividing the output produced by the total units of capital employed in the production process. A higher ratio indicates that a company is effectively using its capital resources to generate output.
Total Output ÷ Capital Input = Capital Productivity
  • Total factor productivity: Total factor productivity (TFP) is a comprehensive measure that considers the efficiency of all inputs combined, including labor, capital, and other resources. TFP can be calculated by dividing the output produced by the combined units of all inputs used in the production process. A higher TFP ratio suggests that a company is effectively utilizing its overall resources to maximize output.
Total Factor Output Formula


Calculating manufacturing productivity is not always a straightforward task, and businesses may face various challenges, such as:

  • Obtaining accurate and reliable data for inputs and outputs
  • Accounting for qualitative factors, such as employee skill levels or product quality
  • Identifying and measuring the impact of external factors, such as market conditions or supply chain disruptions
  • Comparing productivity across different industries, products or production processes 

Proactively addressing these challenges and choosing the most suitable productivity measures for your business enables you to monitor and optimize your manufacturing processes for continuous improvement and long-term success.

How to Increase Productivity in Manufacturing

Improving manufacturing productivity is essential for businesses seeking to maintain a competitive edge in the industry. The following actionable tips can help you optimize your production processes and drive efficiency:

  • Automate processes: Integrating advanced technology, such as robotics and automation, can significantly enhance manufacturing productivity. By automating repetitive and time-consuming tasks, companies can reduce human error, increase efficiency and free up employees to focus on higher-value activities.
  • Invest in employee training and development: A skilled and knowledgeable workforce is vital for maximizing productivity in manufacturing. Providing employees with the necessary training, resources and support can improve their performance, boost morale and contribute to a more efficient production process.
  • Monitor performance and provide feedback: Regularly tracking and analyzing key performance indicators (KPIs) can help businesses identify areas for improvement and make data-driven decisions. Providing employees with constructive feedback based on their performance can lead to increased motivation, engagement and overall industrial productivity.
  • Implement a preventive maintenance program: Regular maintenance of machinery and equipment is crucial to ensure optimal performance and minimize downtime. A preventive maintenance program can help businesses proactively identify potential issues and address them before they escalate, reducing costly disruptions and enhancing productivity.
  • Encourage continuous improvement: Cultivating a culture of continuous improvement can drive innovation and efficiency within your manufacturing operation. By encouraging employees to identify opportunities for improvement and rewarding their efforts, businesses can foster a mindset of ongoing optimization and progress.

How Can QAD Redzone Help Improve Manufacturing Productivity?

QAD Redzone offers innovative solutions designed to assist manufacturing businesses in enhancing their productivity, driving efficiency and achieving lasting success. By combining advanced technology with a deep understanding of the industry, QAD Redzone provides valuable tools and resources to support businesses in their pursuit of optimal manufacturing performance. 

Here’s a closer look at some of the key features and benefits of QAD Redzone’s offerings:

  • Productivity: Enables businesses to monitor and optimize their manufacturing processes in real time, providing actionable insights and data-driven recommendations that help companies identify opportunities for improvement and make informed decisions.
    • Real-time performance monitoring: QAD Redzone’s platform offers real-time performance monitoring, enabling businesses to track KPIs and instantly identify areas for improvement. This feature enables swift and proactive adjustments, helping companies maintain high productivity levels.
    • Process improvement tools and analytics: Empowers businesses to streamline their manufacturing operations, identify inefficiencies and implement targeted improvements, ensuring that companies make the most of their resources and maximize output.
    • Workforce engagement and collaboration: Provides employees with the tools and resources they need to share ideas, solve problems and contribute to continuous improvement initiatives.
    • Data-driven decision-making support: Provides businesses with the data and insights they need to make informed, strategic decisions by leveraging real-time data and analytics.
  • Frontline workforce collaboration module: Designed to enhance communication and teamwork among frontline workers, helping them stay aligned, share knowledge and tackle challenges together, leading to more efficient problem-solving and improved overall productivity.
  • Learning module: Provides businesses with the tools and resources they need to train and develop their frontline workers through customized training programs and learning materials that empower a highly skilled and motivated workforce capable of driving productivity.
  • Coaching: Offers personalized support and guidance to help businesses optimize manufacturing processes and achieve lasting success.

The Productivity Pinnacle: Reach New Heights with QAD Redzone

Manufacturing productivity plays a critical role in a company’s ability to succeed in today’s competitive environment. QAD Redzone’s comprehensive solutions provide the essential tools and resources to elevate your manufacturing operations, optimize resource utilization and drive growth over the long-term.

Experience the transformative impact of working with QAD Redzone. Begin your journey by assessing your current productivity levels using our Manufacturing Productivity Calculator. Discover how QAD Redzone’s cutting-edge technology and industry expertise can support your efforts to improve manufacturing productivity, increase profitability and maintain a competitive edge.

2023 Productivity Benchmark Report

1,000 Factories’ Productivity Data: The Largest Dataset of Its Kind ...

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